LEARNING DISABILITIES

A learning disability (LD) is defined as a significant difference between an individual’s intellectual ability and his/her performance capability.  As such, individuals with LD possess an average or above average IQ.  However, they possess significant deficits in their abilities to perform at their academic potential,  including school capabilities in reading, writing, and/or math.  It is essential to underscore that LD is not the same as being diagnosed with Intellectual Disability (ID formerly was termed mental retardation).  The latter disorder involves comprehensive and pervasive low intellectual functioning.  In contrast, the individual with LD has difficulty learning particular subject(s) in the traditional school manner—but, in other life aspects, he/she functions at a normal intellectual level.  Often LD evaluations involve IQ testing, achievement assessment, extensive record review, interview with the client & parents, and sometimes contacting collateral sources.